Global agreements and the growing public attention to the impact of climate change are leading to comprehensive government action plans and aggressive reduction targets.
As part of the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, governments, investors, stock exchanges and organizations have implemented reporting requirements and are putting pressure on businesses to reduce emissions across their entire value chain.
Validation and verification of GHG emissions are important for an organization for several reasons, such as:
- contribution to the annual report,
- communication with clients,
- compliance with the reporting requirements of regulatory authorities or investors, or
- publication of achievements in terms of emission reduction.
ISO 14064 details the principles and requirements for the design, development, management and reporting of GHG emissions for an organization or company.
The ISO 14064 standard consists of three parts.
- The first part (SR EN ISO 14064-1:2019) specifies principles and requirements at the organization level for the quantification and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and removals
- The second part (SR EN ISO 14064-2:2019) details the requirements at the project level for quantification, monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emission reductions or removal enhancements
- The third part (SR EN ISO 14064-3:2019) provides principles and requirements and provides guidance for verifying and validating greenhouse gas (GHG) statements.
- Enhance credibility, consistency and transparency of GHG quantification, monitoring and reporting, including reducing emissions and increasing disposal in GHG-related projects
- Develop and implement of GHG management strategies and plans of an organization
- Develop and implement of GHG-related projects
- Monitor performance changes and progress in reducing emissions and/or increasing GHG elimination
- Allocation of credits to reduce emissions or increase GHG elimination
Advantages of certification according to ISO 14064
- Ease in evaluating alternative product configurations, sourcing and production methods
- Selection of raw materials and selection of suppliers based on greenhouse gas emissions associated with them
- Creating a knowledge base for initiating projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and quantifying the results obtained
- Identifying opportunities to save energy costs
- Demonstrating to customers and stakeholders a real commitment to social and environmental responsibility
- Creating competitive advantages (e.g. green public procurement)
- Ease of adaptation to requirements in case of introduction of mandatory schemes or regulations
Stages of certification
• Determining the potential risks, objectives, scope, criteria, level of assurance
• Appointing the leader of the verification / validation team
• Selecting the verification team
• Communication with the organization
• Developing the verification plan
Verification / Validation
• Evaluation of the organization's GHG declaration in compliance with the requirements, information reviews, verification and data sampling plan
• Evaluation of evidence
Issuance of the declaration of verification / validation
Issuance of the declaration of verification / validation based on the conclusion of the verification findings.